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Slovenia facts and figures


The following contains facts and figures on the People, Geography, Economy and Government of Slovenia (with thanks to the CIA World Factbook).

The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the eurozone in 2007. It is also the smallest non-island state having a single and unique official language.

Total: 20,273 sq km

Size rank in comparison to the world: 154th

Land: 20,151 sq km

Water: 122 sq km


Tota borders: 1,086 km

Border countries: Austria 330 km, Croatia 455 km, Hungary 102 km, Italy 199 km

Coastline 46.6km


Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east.


Information on Slovenian Natural Resouces: ignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests.

Land use:

Arable land: 8.53%

Permanent crops: 1.43%

Other: 90.04% (2005)



Population: 1,992,690 (July 2013 est.)

Population rank in comparison to the world: 147

Age structure:

0-14 years: 13.4% (male 137,756/female 129,420)

15-64 years: 69.2% (male 693,686/female 683,731)

65 years and over: 17.5% (male 138,953/female 209,144) (2013 est.)

Median age: total: 43.1 years, male: 41.4 years, female: 44.9 years (2012 est.)

Birth rate: 8.66 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.21% (2012 est.)

Death rate: 11.12 deaths/1,000 population (July 2013 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Urban population: 50% of total population (2010)

Rate of urbanization: 0.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Life expectancy information in Slovenia:

Total population: 77.66 years

Country rank comparison to the world: 61

Male: 74.02 years

Female: 81.53 years (2012 est.)

Ethnic groups: Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)

Religions: Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census)

Language: Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4% (2002 census)

Literacy: 99.7%


Geographic coordinates: 46 03 N, 14 31 E

Time difference: GMT+1

Daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October


Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Head of state: President Borut PAHOR (since 22 December 2012)

Head of government: Prime Minister Alenka BRATUSEK (since 20 March 2013)

Cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the prime minister and elected by the National Assembly

Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 November and a runoff on 2 December 2012 (next presidential election to be held in 2017); following National Assembly elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition usually nominated to become prime minister by the president and elected by the National Assembly

Election results: Borut PAHOR elected president; percent of vote - Borut PAHOR 67.4%, Danilo TURK 32.6%; on February 27, 2013 a no-confidence vote in Parliament resulted in Alenka BRATUSEK becoming prime minister designate; Bratusek became prime minister (Slovenia's first female prime minister) on 20 March 2013 after her cabinet was approved


Slovenia became the first 2004 European Union entrant to adopt the euro (on 1 January 2007) and has experienced one of the most stable political and economic transitions in Central and Southeastern Europe. With the highest per capita GDP in Central Europe, Slovenia has excellent infrastructure, a well-educated work force, and a strategic location between the Balkans and Western Europe. Privatization has lagged since 2002, and the economy has one of highest levels of state control in the EU. Structural reforms to improve the business environment have allowed for somewhat greater foreign participation in Slovenia's economy and helped to lower unemployment. In March 2004, Slovenia became the first transition country to graduate from borrower status to donor partner at the World Bank. In 2007, Slovenia was invited to begin the process for joining the OECD; it became a member in 2012. Despite its economic success, foreign direct investment (FDI) in Slovenia has lagged behind the region average, and taxes remain relatively high. Furthermore, the labor market is often seen as inflexible, and legacy industries are losing sales to more competitive firms in China, India, and elsewhere. In 2009, the global recession caused the economy to contract - through falling exports and industrial production - by 8%, and unemployment to rise. Although growth resumed in 2010, it dipped into negative territory in 2012 and the unemployment rate continued to rise, exceeding 12% in 2012.


$58.91 billion (2012 est.)

Country rank comparison to the world: 90

$60.32 billion (2011 est.)

$59.96 billion (2010 est.)

GDP Growth:

-2.3% (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 212

0.6% (2011 est.)

1.2% (2010 est.)

GDP per capita:

$28,700 (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

$29,400 (2011 est.)

$29,300 (2010 est.)

Agriculture: 2.7%

Industry: 27.7%

Services: 69.6% (2012 est.)


Unemployment rate:

12% (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 126

11.8% (2011 est.)


Revenues: $19.28 billion

Expenditures: $20.73 billion (2012 est.)

Public debt:

47.6% of GDP (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 71

41.9% of GDP (2011 est.)


2.6% (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 74

1.8% (2011 est.)


Agricultural products: potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets, corn, grapes, cattle, sheep, poultry

Industries: ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, automobiles, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools



$27.81 billion (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 66

$29.85 billion (2011 est.)

Export commodities:

Manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food

Export partners:

Germany 20%, Italy 12%, Austria 7.9%, Croatia 6.2%, France 4.8%, Russia 4.6% (2012)


$27.95 billion (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 66

$31.18 billion (2011 est.)

Import commodities:

Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food

Germany 16.3%, Italy 16.5%, Austria 10.4%, Croatia 4.8%, Hungary 4% (2012)


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